Known as Rapa Nui by its inhabitants, Easter Island is the most remote, inhabited place on earth. The nearest large land-masses are Chile 3,850km (2406mi) away and Tahiti 3,610km (2256mi) although Gambier and Pitcairn, about 1500km (938mi) away are actually the closest inhabited islands. Te-Pito-O-Te-Henua (the navel of the world) is one large open-air museum; a UN designated archaeological site of 'humankind treasure'. Its world-famous statues, the Moais, are 10-63ft (3-21m) tall, made of volcanic basaltic rock, weigh between 20-300tonnes and are thought to represent the faces of the royalty who ruled each of the 33 original tribes that lived on the island until the 16th century. These Moais are the largest monolithic expression in the entire Polynesian culture and amazingly, were moved as much as 18km (11mi) without mechanical help - legend has it they were moved by Mana, spiritual power. The island was formed by an eruption 3 million years ago from a single volcano in the bottom of the ocean. Geologically, the coastline is too young to have developed proper sandy beaches and consists of rugged lava cliffs, with heights between 6-23ft(2-7m) making entry/exit points scarce. Most spots are along the west and south coasts, plus two average quality beachbreaks with remarkable scenery on the north coast. There are no protected bays or points, but south coast exploration will reveal a safe bend or natural pool on the coastline to get in and out. Local surfers are friendly and open, showing typical Polynesian pride in their island and culture that demands respect. Despite having links to the ancient Tortoro reed boards, used as bellyboards, stand-up surfing is relatively new.